Quantcast
Follow us On YouTube Follow us On FaceBook



or
Search Language
Browse
Medical Animations
Medical Animation Titles
Custom Legal Animations
Anatomical Models
Patient Health Articles
Custom Interactive
Most Recent Uploads
Body Systems/Regions
Anatomy & Physiology
Diseases & Conditions
Cells & Tissues
Diagnostics & Surgery
Cardiovascular System
Digestive System
Integumentary System
Nervous System
Reproductive System
Respiratory System
Back and Spine
Foot and Ankle
Head and Neck
Hip
Knee
Shoulder
Thorax
Medical Specialties
Cancer
Cardiology
Dentistry
Editorial
Neurology/Neurosurgery
Ob/Gyn
Orthopedics
Pediatrics
Account
Administrator Login
The Doe Report Medical Reference Library
Print this article
Gallbladder Surgery - Cholecystectomy

Gallbladder Surgery - Cholecystectomy Loading image. Please wait...

Surgery to remove the gallbladder is the most common way to treat symptomatic gallstones. (Asymptomatic gallstones usually do not need treatment.) Each year more than 500,000 Americans have gallbladder surgery. The surgery is called cholecystectomy. The most common operation is called laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

For this operation, the surgeon makes several tiny incisions in the abdomen and inserts surgical instruments and a miniature video camera into the abdomen. The camera sends a magnified image from inside the body to a video monitor, giving the surgeon a closeup view of the organs and tissues. While watching the monitor, the surgeon uses the instruments to carefully separate the gallbladder from the liver, ducts, and other structures. Then the cystic duct is cut and the gallbladder removed through one of the small incisions.

Because the abdominal muscles are not cut during laparoscopic surgery, patients have less pain and fewer complications than they would have had after surgery using a large incision across the abdomen. Recovery usually involves only one night in the hospital, followed by several days of restricted activity at home.Loading image. Please wait...

If the surgeon discovers any obstacles to the laparoscopic procedure, such as infection or scarring from other operations, the operating team may have to switch to open surgery. In some cases the obstacles are known before surgery, and an open surgery is planned. It is called "open" surgery because the surgeon has to make a 5- to 8-inch incision in the abdomen to remove the gallbladder. This is a major surgery and may require about a 2- to 7-day stay in the hospital and several more weeks at home to recover. Open surgery is required in about 5 percent of gallbladder operations.

The most common complication in gallbladder surgery is injury to the bile ducts. An injured common bile duct can leak bile and cause a painful and potentially dangerous infection. Mild injuries can sometimes be treated nonsurgically. Major injury, however, is more serious and requires additional surgery.Loading image. Please wait...

If gallstones are in the bile ducts, the physician (usually a gastroenterologist) may use endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) to locate and remove them before or during the gallbladder surgery. In ERCP, the patient swallows an endoscope--a long, flexible, lighted tube connected to a computer and TV monitor. The doctor guides the endoscope through the stomach and into the small intestine. The doctor then injects a special dye that temporarily stains the ducts in the biliary system. Then the affected bile duct is located and an instrument on the endoscope is used to cut the duct. The stone is captured in a tiny basket and removed with the endoscope.Loading image. Please wait...

Occasionally, a person who has had a cholecystectomy is diagnosed with a gallstone in the bile ducts weeks, months, or even years after the surgery. The two-step ERCP procedure is usually successful in removing the stone.

Source: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
March 2002.



Medical/Legal Disclaimer
Copyright © 2003 Nucleus Medical Art, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Related Medical Demonstrative Evidence - click thumbnail to review.
Cholecystectomy with Injury to the Common Hepatic and Common Bile Ducts
Cholecystectomy with Injury to the Common Hepatic and Common Bile Ducts -
Medical Exhibit
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
Cholecystectomy with Injury to the Common Bile and Hepatic Ducts
Cholecystectomy with Injury to the Common Bile and Hepatic Ducts -
Medical Exhibit
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
Improper Injection of Contrast Dye into Pancreatic Ducts vs Common Bile Duct
Improper Injection of Contrast Dye into Pancreatic Ducts vs Common Bile Duct -
Medical Exhibit
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
Incomplete Cholecystectomy Post-Operative Conditions on Two Different Dates
Incomplete Cholecystectomy Post-Operative Conditions on Two Different Dates -
Medical Exhibit
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy with Bile Duct Injury
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy with Bile Duct Injury -
Medical Exhibit
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
Cholecystectomy with Injury to the Common Hepatic and Common Bile Ducts
Cholecystectomy with Injury to the Common Hepatic and Common Bile Ducts -
Medical Exhibit
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
Bile Leak after Gallbladder Removal Surgery
Bile Leak after Gallbladder Removal Surgery -
Medical Exhibit
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
Surgical Removal of the Gall Bladder with Damage to the Common Bile Duct
Surgical Removal of the Gall Bladder with Damage to the Common Bile Duct -
Medical Exhibit
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
Classic Injury to the Common Bile Duct
Classic Injury to the Common Bile Duct -
Medical Exhibit
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
Gallbladder surgery
Gallbladder surgery -
Medical Animation
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
Injury to Bile Duct with Bile Leak
Injury to Bile Duct with Bile Leak -
Medical Exhibit
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Procedure with Subsequent Bile Duct Injury
Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Procedure with Subsequent Bile Duct Injury -
Medical Exhibit
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
How do I find a personal injury lawyer in my local area?
Find a personal injury lawyer in your local area using LEGALpointer™, a national directory of U.S. attorneys specializing in personal injury, medical malpractice, workers' compensation, medical product liability and other medical legal issues. Or, click on one of the following to see attorneys in your area: Alabama (AL), Alaska (AK), Arizona (AZ), Arkansas (AR), California (CA), Colorado (CO), Connecticut (CT), Delaware (DE), Washington D.C. (DC), Florida (FL), Georgia (GA), Hawaii (HI), Idaho (ID), Illinois (IL), Indiana (IN), Iowa (IA), Kansas (KS), Kentucky (KY), Louisiana (LA), Maine (ME), Maryland (MD), Massachussets (MA), Michigan (MI), (MN), Mississippi (MS), (MO), Montana (MT), North Carolina (NC), North Dakota (ND), Nebraska (NE), Nevada (NV), New Hampshire (NH), New Jersey (NJ), New Mexico (NM), New York (NY), Ohio (OH), Oklahoma (OK), Oregon (OR), Pennsylvania (PA), Puerto Rico (PR), Rhode Island (RI), South Carolina (SC), South Dakota (SD), Tennessee (TN), Texas (TX), Utah (UT), Virginia (VA), Virgin Islands (VI), Vermont (VT), Washington (WA), West Virginia (WV), Wisconsin (WI).












Awards | Resources | Articles | Become an Affiliate | Free Medical Images | Pregnancy Videos
Credits | Jobs | Help | Medical Legal Blog | Find a Lawyer | Hospital Marketing